What is Periodontitis?
Periodontitis, or “gum disease,” is a chronic inflammatory disease that if left untreated can lead to tooth loss and other health problems. Typically the disease is painless and most patients are unaware that they have an issue until they are examined by a dentist.
To determine the health of your gums, your dental professional will perform a periodontal exam. A measuring tool is gently placed into the collar of gum tissue that surrounds the tooth, called a pocket. Normal, healthy pockets are typically between 1-3 mm in depth with no bleeding. If bacteria are allowed to accumulate below the gum line for extended periods of time, they harden on to the root structure and creates an inflammatory response that signals your body to destroy the bone and ligament supporting your teeth. The bacteria can also enter the bloodstream and contribute to systemic health conditions.